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Capsulitis: anatomy, symptoms, causes, treatment and more

Bursitis, also known as bursitis, is a painful joint condition that can significantly impact your quality of life. In this article, we will discuss its anatomy, symptoms, causes, treatment and provide useful tips on dealing with this condition.


To understand capsulitis, it is important to understand the structure of the joints and the joint capsule. A joint consists of two bones connected by cartilage and surrounded by a joint capsule. The joint capsule is a thin membrane that surrounds the joint and produces synovial fluid that provides lubrication and cushioning for the joint.


Capsulitis occurs when the joint capsule becomes irritated or damaged. This may lead to excessive secretion of synovial fluid and inflammation. It most often affects the shoulder, elbow, hip and knee joints.

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Symptoms of inflammation of the joint capsule

Symptoms of inflammation of the joint capsule can be troublesome and limit everyday functioning. The most common symptoms are pain around the joint, swelling, redness and limited joint mobility. The pain usually worsens when performing movements related to a given joint.

Causes of inflammation of the joint capsule

There are many factors that can contribute to the occurrence of bursitis. One of the most common is joint overload or trauma that leads to damage to the joint capsule. In addition, bacterial or viral infections can also cause inflammation of the joint capsule. Other causes associated with joint capsules include gout and rheumatic diseases.

Treatment of joint capsule inflammation

Treatment for capsulitis depends on the cause and severity of symptoms. In case of a bacterial infection, antibiotics must be administered. In case of inflammation of the joint capsule caused by excessive strain, your doctor may recommend rest, ice, and painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs. In some cases, physiotherapy or corticosteroid injections may be necessary.

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Your suggestions

If you suspect that you have bursitis, consult your doctor immediately. Making an appropriate diagnosis and starting treatment in the initial phase of the disease can significantly improve the prognosis. Also remember about regular check-ups to help monitor the condition of your joints.

Recommended articles

If you are interested in joint health and musculoskeletal conditions, we recommend you check out our other articles on this topic. You’ll learn more about prevention, treatment and rehabilitation that can help keep your joints healthy throughout your life.

Bursitis can be difficult to deal with, but with proper treatment and a healthy lifestyle, you can minimize its impact on daily functioning. Remember to consult your doctor regularly and follow specialists’ recommendations to enjoy life to the fullest despite this condition.