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Sodium in food and use in medicine

Modern people often hear about the need to limit the consumption of table salt, because it is a source of sodium, which can affect both our health and the taste of food. However, sodium also plays an important role in medicine. In this article, we will take a closer look at the properties of sodium, its role in the diet, the content of table salt in food products, as well as sodium deficiencies and excesses in the body. We will also learn how sodium is used in medicine and present suggestions and recommended articles on this topic.

Properties of sodium

Sodium is a chemical element with the symbol Na and atomic number 11. It is one of the elements from the group of alkali metals and occurs in nature mainly in the form of salts. Sodium has many important functions in the bodies of humans and animals. It is necessary to maintain electrolyte balance, regulates blood pressure, and is involved in nerve conduction and muscle contractions.

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Sodium in the diet

In our daily diet, we consume sodium primarily in the form of table salt, i.e. sodium chloride (NaCl). Salt is commonly used as a seasoning and preservative in many dishes. Salt intake is often higher than recommended levels, which can lead to excess sodium in the body.

Table salt content in food products

Many foods, especially processed ones, contain large amounts of salt. Examples include fast food, snacks, canned goods, ready meals and carbonated drinks. Excessive salt consumption can increase the risk of many diseases, such as hypertension, heart disease, stroke and kidney disease.

Sodium deficiency and excess in the body

Both deficiency and excess sodium in the body can have a negative impact on health. Sodium deficiency can lead to headaches, nausea, muscle cramps and general weakness. In turn, excess sodium can cause water retention, which increases the load on the heart and blood vessels and leads to increased blood pressure.

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The use of sodium in medicine

Sodium has many uses in medicine. One of the most important is the use of saline (a solution of table salt in water) to rinse wounds and keep patients hydrated. Sodium is also used in some medications, such as antihypertensives, which help regulate blood pressure. In addition, sodium is necessary for the functioning of our nervous and muscular systems.

Your suggestions

To maintain a healthy sodium balance in the body, it is recommended to limit salt intake and choose foods that are lower in sodium. It is also important to monitor your blood pressure and consult your doctor if you have any health problems related to excess or deficiency of sodium.

Recommended articles

If you are interested in the topic of sodium in diet and medicine, it is worth reading the recommended articles on this topic. Also read about the impact of sodium on heart and blood vessel health and appropriate nutritional strategies to help maintain a healthy sodium balance in the body.

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Remember that a healthy diet and controlling salt intake can significantly impact your health and well-being. Therefore, it is worth being a conscious and responsible consumer, ensuring the proper balance of sodium in your daily diet.