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Antibiotics – classification, action, side effects and how to take them

Antibiotics are commonly used antibacterial drugs that help treat a variety of infections. However, it is worth knowing more about these drugs, their types, how they work and how to take them properly. This article will present a detailed division of antibiotics, their action, side effects and rules for taking them.

Antibiotic – what is it?

Antibiotics are chemical or natural substances that kill or inhibit the growth of bacteria. They are an extremely important tool in the fight against bacterial infections. However, it is worth remembering that they are not effective in treating viral infections such as colds or flu.

Antibiotics – division

Antibiotics can be divided into several main groups depending on their action and origin:

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Bactericidal antibiotics: They kill bacteria. Examples are penicillins, cephalosporins.

Bacteriostatic antibiotics: They inhibit the growth and reproduction of bacteria, allowing the immune system to fight the infection. Examples are tetracyclines, macrolides.

Broad spectrum antibiotics: These work against many different types of bacteria.

Narrow-spectrum antibiotics: They act on specific types of bacteria.

Antibiotic – action. how many days does the antibiotic take to work?

The effect of an antibiotic depends on the type of drug and the type of infection. Generally, bactericidal antibiotics take effect more quickly than bacteriostatic antibiotics. However, the duration of action may vary depending on the individual body’s response and the type of bacteria. In the case of bacterial infections, improvement can be expected 2-3 days after starting treatment. However, it is important to continue treatment for the full duration recommended, even if symptoms disappear sooner, to prevent the infection from recurring.

Antibiotic – side effects

Side effects may occur when using antibiotics, such as:

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Diarrhea and gastrointestinal disorders: Some antibiotics may lead to diarrhea, nausea, vomiting or abdominal pain.

Allergic reactions: Some people may experience allergic reactions such as rash, itching, swelling or difficulty breathing.

Liver and kidney disorders: Some antibiotics can affect liver and kidney function, so it is important to regularly monitor laboratory parameters.

Antibiotic – how to take it?

It is important to follow the doctor’s recommendations and the recommendations on the drug leaflet. Some important rules for taking antibiotics are:

Regularity: Take your medicine at regular times, as recommended by your doctor.

Full course of treatment: Do not stop treatment early, even if symptoms disappear sooner.

Dosage: Take the appropriate dose, no more or less than prescribed by your doctor.

Eat a meal: Some antibiotics should be taken with food or on an empty stomach as directed.

Your suggestions

If you have questions about antibiotics or would like more information on this topic, please consult your doctor or pharmacist. Do not use antibiotics without medical consultation.

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Recommended articles

If you are interested in the topic of antibiotics, we recommend reading articles on infection prevention, body immunity and the appropriate use of antibiotics in various situations.

Antibiotics are a powerful tool in the fight against bacterial infections, but their use requires caution and an appropriate approach. Following your doctor’s recommendations and being aware of the type of antibiotic, its action and possible side effects is the key to effective treatment and minimizing the risk of complications.